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Lions usually live in groups of 15 or morein groups called prides. They hunt prey, raise cubs and defend territory. The females do most of the hunting and raise the cubs. The females are usually related. The females also give birth about the same time, and the cubs may nurse from their mother and other females. Lionnesses give birth to 2-3 cubs at a time. The pride usually will have no more than two adult males.

Males usually only stay two to four years with the pride, but the females stay for life. Sometimes, the male will kill all the cubs. Young males are forced out of the pride at 2 years of age.

A male’s loud roar can be heard as far as five miles away. A roar warns intruders and helps round up members.

Hunting is usually done in the dark by the females in groups of two or three. The males eat first, the females next and the cubs get what is left.

Lions are considered one of the “Big Cats”. Tigers, Cheetahs, Leopards, Jaguars and Cougars are also part of this group.

Lions live in the grasslands and woodlands of sub-Saharan African. Lions are the second largest cat in the world. A small population also lives in India’s Gir Forest. Asian Lions split from African lions about 100,000 years ago. Asiatic lions are smaller than African lions and have shorter manes.

Lions spend 16-20 hours of the day sleeping or resting.

Information from Kids National Geographic.


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